Location of Niagara Falls
Niagara Falls is located on the international border that separates the Canadian province of Ontario and the American state of New York. It includes two sections, divided by Goat Island. The sections are the Horseshoe Falls on the Canadian side and the American Falls on the United States side. One smaller section of the waterfall, the Bridal Veil Falls, is also located on the American side and is separated from the main falls by the Luna Island. These waterfalls together is called Niagara Falls.
Niagara Falls During Winters
When winter rolls in, the water doesn't cease to stop flowing from atop - where mist is created thus forming ice along the banks of the river. Ice as deep and as thick as 50 feet is formed, where it can span the river in an icy layer of solid ice, known as the ice bridge.
Niagara Falls: A Source of Power
The Niagara Falls had long been identified as a potential source of power. One of the very first attempts to utilize the Niagara Falls as a source of energy was in 1759. In 1759, Daniel Joncaire built a small canal above the waterfalls to power his sawmill.
Augustus and Peter Porter purchased the canal built by Daniel Joncaire along with the entire American falls in 1805 from the New York state government. Augustus and Peter Porter enlarged the original canal in order to provide hydraulic to power their gristmill and tannery.
In 1853, the Niagara Falls Hydraulic Power and Mining Company was chartered, which eventually constructed the canals that were to be used for electricity generation. In the year 1881, under the leadership of Jacob Schoellkopf, power was generated using the Niagara waters. The power was sufficient to illuminate both the Falls as well as the nearby Niagara Falls village.
The Original Niagara Falls
It is a fact that the original Niagara Falls were near the sites of present-day Queenston, Ontario, and Lewiston, New York. However owing to the erosion of their crest, the waterfalls have retreated several miles southward.
Several people have attempted to conquer the Niagara Falls. In October 1829, Sam Patch, jumped from a high tower into the gorge below the falls and also survived the jump. This incident has continues into a long tradition of daredevils, some of whom successfully conquered the falls, while some even lost their lives in the attempt. A 63-year-old woman who was a school teacher, attempted to roll off the Niagara Falls in a barrel, and made it!
The Collapse of Honeymoon Bridge
The Upper Steel Arch Bridge, which was called back in the day as the Honeymoon Bridge, collapsed due to pressure caused from increased ice formation, in the gorge below the falls. The collapse occurred on January 27th, 1938.