Nevada is located in northwestern United States. It is surrounded by Arizona on the southeast, Utah on the east, California on the southwest and west, and Oregon and Idaho on the north. Carson city, with a population of about 2.759 million, is the capital of Nevada, while Las Vegas is its largest city. The state got its name from the Spanish word 'Nevada', which means 'snow-capped'. The motto of this state is "All for Our Country".
Nevada shot to fame with the discovery of the fabulous Comstock Lode, the largest sliver deposit in the US, in 1859, which led to it being accepted as the 36th state in 1864. Nevada mines has produced a large amounts of gold, silver, copper, zinc, mercury, barite, and tungsten. In 1954, oil was also discovered in Nevada. It also ranks as the largest gold-producing state in the US, and second in the world after South Africa.
Facts about Nevada
Nevada is mostly made up of desert areas, and hence the climate is sunny and dry most of the year. The state experiences wide changes in the daily temperature as well. It is also one of the driest state in the US, owing to its rainfall; a meager 7 inches per year.
Nevada is also the legalized gambling capital and amusement center of the US. Las Vegas, its largest city, is one of the major tourist attractions. This city has more hotel rooms and casinos than any other city in the world. Millions of visitors flock to Las Vegas every year to try their luck at the various casinos. The prime source of income is from gambling; about 75% of the annual revenue comes from casinos. Mining and tourism contribute to the rest of the revenue generation for Nevada.
The majority of Nevada's population are Christians and follow Catholicism in a strict manner. There are also a significant amount of Protestants. Other major religions comprises Latter-day Saint/Mormon, Jewish, Muslim, and other miscellaneous religions. The residents of Nevada speak English, while Spanish is the unofficial language of the state.
Nevada's economy is dominated by cattle and sheep raising, mining, tourism, machinery, printing, publishing, food processing, and electric equipment. It is famous for its manufacture of gaming equipment, lawn and garden irrigation equipment, seismic and machinery supervising devices, and titanium products. Nevada's agricultural yields include dairy products, alfalfa, hay, wheat, barley, onions, and potatoes.
Recreational areas like Death Valley National Park, Pyramid Lake, Lake Mead, and Lake Tahoe are found on the way to California. The Reno-Tahoe territory is famous among tourists for its adventurous world-class skiing, biking, and hiking. Visitors are attracted to Lake Mead and Hoover Dam, famous for its fishing, swimming, and boating facilities.
In 1899, Charles Fey invented the first slot machine, called the Liberty Bell which became the model for all future slot machines. Today, there are over 200,000 slot machines in Nevada, which relates to about one slot machine for every 10 residents.
Nevada is also well-recognized for its easy marriage and divorce dealings, as well as legalized active brothels. On an average, about 315 couples are married in Las Vegas daily.
Nevada has more mountain ranges than any other state, with the highest point being the 13,145 foot top of Boundary Peak, near the west central border. The Humboldt River, which begins in the desert ranges, has no outlet to the ocean.
Nevada also has an entire skeleton of the Ichthyosaur, an extinct marine reptile. It is about 55 feet long and it is Nevada's official state fossil.
In Henderson, the annual Native American Arts Festival is a three-day festival held in celebration of Native American culture, including art, dance, food, and music. A number of world-famous events like the Great Reno Balloon Race, the National Championship Air Race, and many more take place in Nevada.
The state is also home to Andre Agassi, the famous tennis star. He launched the Andre Agassi College Preparatory Academy in 2001, with a mission to improve the lives of the youth in Las Vegas. Nevada is the only state to have devoted an entire museum to the life and time of the famous entertainer Valentino Liberace.
A big state, with many attractions, places to see, and tourist spots make Nevada a famous destination for vacations. It's easy rules regarding marriage and divorce, and numerous casinos have made this place a heaven for tourists.