Yosemite National Park Facts That'll Give You Major Travel Goals

Yosemite National Park Facts
Covering an area of 761,268 acres, Yosemite National Park is located in the eastern-central region of California, United States. With 1,600-mile long streams, 800 miles of hiking trails, gorgeous waterfalls, and roads that extend to 350 miles, the park is a sight for sore eyes. In the following article, you will find many more Yosemite National Park facts that'll help you plan your vacation...

History of the Park and its People

For centuries, the Ahwahneechee (Native Americans) lived in the Yosemite Valley. Apart from the inhabitants, the valley was discovered in 1833 by other humans. Many European Americans first set foot in the region after the discovery of gold in the Sierras. It was soon followed by the California Gold Rush. This led to the conflict between the indigenous tribes and the European miners. In order to end the conflict, in 1851, the Mariposa Battalion was sent which killed a number of inhabitants of the valley.

Previously, the park was just a valley of rolling hills and the Merced river (image on the right) flowed languidly through these hills. Gradually, the river started flowing rapidly due to geological changes in the valley. As a result of this, the hills and mountains became higher, and made the valley to adapt and change its geographic form. There were many glaciers, some around 2,000 feet thick, started flowing through the valley which brought major changes in the geography of the Yosemite valley and formed the valley that we see today. In 1855, an artist named Thomas Ayers visited the valley and sketched many pictures, depicting its beauty. This led to the "Yosemite Valley Grant Act" which was signed by President Abraham Lincoln in 1864. This act granted permission for the formation of a national park in this area. The sincere efforts of John Muir, a naturalist, and Galen Clark, the Yosemite National Park was formed on October 1, 1890. Since 1984, Yosemite has been recognized as a World Heritage Site.

Average Year-round Weather

While traveling to Yosemite, each person will have specific interests and reasons. Considering this possibility, the best time to visit the park will vary. So the best way to decide when you should plan your vacation is by knowing the year-round weather.

* Click on the images for a better view. To return to the article, click on the enlarged image again.

Summer in Yosemite National Park

Summer Months - June to September
Avg. High - 82° F to 89° F
Avg. Low - 51° F to 57° F

If you visit the park at the beginning of summer, typically during May and June, you will find many waterfalls as the sun melts the snow at higher elevations. The weather during the summer months is typically sunny. July and August are considered the hottest months in the park, and you will rarely find rainfall around this time. On the other hand, nighttime temperatures are completely different. The temperature can drop into the 50s, making the nights quite chilly. It is recommended that you wear layers or carry a jacket with you. The clear weather in summer gives you ample opportunities to go rafting, hiking and biking through meadows, fishing, birdwatching, rock climbing, and even stargazing at night.

Fall Months - October and November
Avg. High - 58° F to 74° F
Avg. Low - 31° F to 39° F

Right after Labor Day weekend, you won't find that many tourists in the park. However, for many solitude-loving travelers, this is the perfect time to visit the park. With dry weather and warm temperatures, the park is open for trekking, hiking, cycling, and rock climbing. In early November, you will see the leaves changing colors, making the park look vibrant. Fall is also a wonderful time for photography enthusiasts. However, this time is also filled with risks as the trails are worn out during the summer months, there is smoke around the area due to controlled burns making the view hazy, and chances of rain increases.

Winter Months - December to March
Avg. High - 47° F to 58° F
Avg. Low - 28° F to 34° F

Of course, winter in Yosemite can be quite cold due to the snow. As the temperatures go down, you won't find hoards of tourists flocking to the park. In fact, you will find people who love to spend cool sunny days, snow-encrusted mountaintops, and snowy meadows at the park. This time is perfect for cross-country skiing, snowboarding, snowshoeing, snow tubing, and ice skating. The water levels become low and the chances of storms increase in winter. Most of the park is covered in snow which makes hiking and trekking slight difficult. Also, there are opportunities for skiing and overnight tours at the Badger Pass Ski Area.

Spring in Yosemite National Park

Spring Months - April and May
Avg. High - 64° F to 71° F
Avg. Low - 38° F to 45° F

Springtime in Yosemite can bring either rainfall, thunderstorms, sunny days, or cold nights. Chances of rain or snow increase early in spring. Which is why, the park is mostly visited near the end of spring as some of the wildflowers bloom, plants and trees are lush, newborn animals are out and about, trails open up for hiking, and waterfalls and rivers are gushing with water. Other activities that are possible in spring are rock climbing, bird watching, fishing, rafting, biking, photography, and star gazing at nights.

The park is crowded during the holiday weekends like Memorial Day, 4th of July, and Labor Day. Also, you need to make a reservation before you plan your holiday at the park. However, if you are planning to stay the night in Yosemite, it is a good idea to reserve a lodge or camp area.

The Fauna

There are over 400 species of animals and more than 262 species of resident and migratory birds in Yosemite National Park. With so many different species of fish, birds, amphibians, reptiles, and mammals, the chances of seeing these animals in the wild increases.

American BadgerAmerican Black BearBobcats

Here's a short list of animals found in the park.

• Beavers
• Black Bears
• Bobcats
• Cougars
• Coyotes
• Foxes
• Frogs
• Marmots
• Mountain Lions
• Mule Deer
• Pacific Fishers
• Pikas
• Raccoons
• River Otters
• Snakes
• Squirrels

American DipperGreat Grey OwlSteller's JayWestern Tanager

Here's a short list of birds found in the park.

• American Dippers
• Bald Eagles
• Dark-eyed Juncos
• Golden Eagles
• Goshawks
• Great Grey Owls
• Hummingbirds
• Nutcrackers
• Peregrine Falcons
• Ravens
• Red-tail Hawks
• Spotted Owls
• Steller's Jays
• Thrushes
• Western Tanagers
• Woodpeckers

The Flora

A variety of plants can be found in the Yosemite National Park, as it is situated at a considerable height above sea level, the elevation being 2,000 to 11,000 feet.

* Click on the images for a better view. To return to the article, click on the enlarged image again.

California Incense-cedarGiant SequoiaManzanitaPonderosa Pine

Here's a short list of trees found in the park.

• Black Oak
• Blue Oak
• Ceanothus
• Douglas Fir
• Giant Sequoia
• Gray Pine
• Greasewood
• Incense-cedar
• Jeffrey Pine
• Lodgepole Pine
• Manzanita
• Mountain Hemlock
• Ponderosa Pine
• Red Fir
• White Fir
• Whitebark Pine

Mariposa LilySierra Tiger LilyShooting StarTufted Poppy

Here's a short list of flowers found in the park.

• Angelica
• Asters
• Coralroot Orchids
• Dogbanes
• Fiddlenecks
• Leopard Lilies
• Mariposa Lilies
• Monkshood
• Mountain Pride
• Popcorn Flowers
• Red Columbine
• Shooting Stars
• Sierra Tiger Lilies
• Spider Lupines
• Steer's Head
• Wallflowers

The Waterfalls

The Yosemite National Park has countless waterfalls that are ideal for a visit during spring. The peak flow of each of the waterfalls has been mentioned below. Out of these waterfalls, some waterfalls flow year-round.

* Click on the images for a better view. To return to the article, click on the enlarged image again.

Bridalveil Fall
Peak Flow - March to June
Total Height - 617 ft
Longest Drop - 617 ft (plunge)
Chilnualna Falls
Peak Flow - May
Total Height - 695 ft
Longest Drop - 240 ft
Horsetail Fall
Peak Flow - December to April
Total Height - 650 ft
Longest Drop - 480 ft

Nevada Fall
Peak Flow - May
Total Height - 594 ft
Longest Drop - 480 ft
Ribbon Fall
Peak Flow - March to June
Total Height - 1,634 ft
Longest Drop - 1,634 ft (plunge)
Tueeulala Falls
Peak Flow - May
Total Height - 880 ft
Longest Drop - 600 ft

Vernal Fall
Peak Flow - May
Total Height - 317 ft
Longest Drop - 317 ft (plunge)
Wapama Falls
Peak Flow - May
Total Height - 1,080 ft
Longest Drop - 300 ft
Yosemite Falls
Peak Flow - May
Total Height - 2,425 ft
Longest Drop - 1,430 ft

List of Yosemite waterfalls:

• Bridalveil Fall
• Chilnualna Falls
• Horsetail Fall
• Illilouette Fall
• Lehamite Falls
• Nevada Fall
• Pywiack Cascade
• Quaking Aspen Falls
• Ribbon Fall
• Royal Arch Cascade
• Sentinel Fall
• Silver Strand Falls
• Snow Creek Falls
• Staircase Falls
• Three Chute Falls
• Tueeulala Falls
• Vernal Fall
• Wapama Falls
• Waterwheel Falls
• Wildcat Falls
• Yosemite Falls

The Mountains and Meadows

* Click on the images for a better view. To return to the article, click on the enlarged image again.

Half Dome

Location - North-east Mariposa County, CA
Elevation - Over 8,840 ft
El Capitan

Location - North of Yosemite Valley
Elevation - 7,573 ft
Tuolumne Meadows

Location - East-side of Yosemite Valley
Area - 17,420 ft2
Mariposa Grove

Location - Near Wawona, CA
Area - 1 acre

Mount Lyell

Location - South-end of Cathedral Range (highest point in the park)
Elevation - 13,120 ft
Cathedral Peak

Location - South-central of Yosemite Park, east of Mariposa & Tuolumne counties
Elevation - 10,916 ft

Mount Dana

Location - East of Yosemite Park (highest peak in the park)
Elevation - 13,061 ft
Mount Conness

Location - West of Hall Natural Area (Mount Dana is the parent peak)
Elevation - 12,679 ft
List of Yosemite mountains:

• Ahwahnee Meadow
• Cathedral Peak
• Clouds Rest
• Cook's Meadow
• Eagle Peak
• El Capitan
• El Capitan Meadow
• Fairview Dome
• Grizzly Peak
• Half Dome
• Kolana Rock
• Leidig Meadow
• Lembert Dome
• Liberty Cap
• Matterhorn Peak
• Middle Cathedral Rock
• Mono Meadow
• Mount Ansel Adams
• Mount Clark
• Mount Conness
• Mount Dana
• Mount Gibbs
• Mount Hoffmann
• Mount Lyell
• Mount Maclure
• Mount Starr King
• North Dome
• Parsons Peak
• Pothole Dome
• Pothole Meadows
• Sentinel Dome
• Sentinel Meadow
• Sentinel Rock
• Smith Peak
• Stoneman Meadow
• Triple Divide Peak
• Tuolumne Meadows
• Wawona Meadow

These were just some Yosemite National Park facts that don't do complete justice to the beautiful park. This park in California is one of the most-visited national parks (literally millions of visitors each year) and will leave you wanting for more.